The role of employment history and age during COVID-19: Understanding 2020 South African employment dynamics in historical context

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dc.contributor.author Espi-Sanchis, Gabriel
dc.contributor.author Leibbrandt, Murray
dc.contributor.author Ranchhod, Vimal
dc.date.accessioned 2021-12-02T15:10:20Z
dc.date.available 2021-12-02T15:10:20Z
dc.date.issued 2021-12
dc.identifier.citation Espi-Sanchis, G., Leibbrandt, M., Ranchhod, V. (2021). The role of employment history and age during COVID-19: Understanding 2020 South African employment dynamics in historical context. Cape Town: Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit, University of Cape Town. (SALDRU Working Paper Number 284)
dc.identifier.isbn 978-1-928516-46-0
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11090/1012
dc.description.abstract In this paper we seek to understand how the employment of different age groups in 2020 was affected by the COVID-19 pandemic in South Africa, along with the correlation between individuals’ outcomes and their employment history. First, cross-sectional employment outcomes by age (and education) are presented for four 2020 months (February, April, June and October, as measured in NIDS-CRAM). Thereafter, employment dynamics over the year are described and contrasted with employment dynamics from five pre-COVID years (2010-2014, as measured in panels based on the QLFS). We find that several aspects of the churning observed in 2020 far exceed transitions from these benchmark years, with a greater proportion of those without employment at the beginning of the year finding work by the end of the year and much higher job attainment among youth. Finally, we analyse employment outcomes during 2020 according to individuals’ employment history between 2012 and 2017 (as captured in NIDS waves 3 to 5). We find that employment history correlated strongly with 2020 employment outcomes: individuals with stronger employment histories were more likely to remain stably employed, or, among the non-employed, to find work. This shows the importance of historical context in understanding the employment effects of COVID-19. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Saldru Working Paper;284
dc.subject Employment en_US
dc.subject Age en_US
dc.subject Covid-19 en_US
dc.subject South Africa en_US
dc.title The role of employment history and age during COVID-19: Understanding 2020 South African employment dynamics in historical context en_US
dc.type Working Paper en_US


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