Job creation and destruction in South Africa

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Show simple item record Kerr, Andrew Wittenberg, Martin Arrow, Jairo 2014-06-05T09:41:36Z 2014-06-05T09:41:36Z 2014
dc.identifier.citation Kerr, A., Wittenberg, M. and J. Arrow (2014). Job creation and destruction in South Africa, South African Journal of Economics, 82(1): 1–18. en_US
dc.description.abstract Analysts of the South African labour market have mainly used household surveys to analyse the labour market. It has been more difficult to explore the labour demand of firms, as a result of limited data availability. We use the Quarterly Employment Statistics survey, an enterprise survey conducted by Statistics South Africa, to explore how South African firms create and destroy jobs, thereby shedding light on many of the policy questions that are relevant in a high unemployment society like South Africa. We find that job creation and destruction rates are similar to those found in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries. There is little evidence that labour legislation creates rigidities that prevent firms from hiring or firing workers. We also find that larger firms are better net creators of jobs than small firms and that net job creation rates are negative in manufacturing. Our research has important policy implications – particularly for the South African National Planning Commission's 2030 plan, in which new jobs are envisaged to come mainly from small- and medium-sized firms. Our research suggests that this scenario is not likely without changes to policy or legislation. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher South African Journal of Economics en_US
dc.subject Employment en_US
dc.subject South Africa en_US
dc.subject Household survey data en_US
dc.subject Labour market en_US
dc.subject Quarterly Employment Statistics Survey en_US
dc.subject Statistics South Africa en_US
dc.subject Job creation and destruction en_US
dc.subject Labour legislation en_US
dc.subject Small to medium size enterprises en_US
dc.title Job creation and destruction in South Africa en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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