Capital Flight and Foreign Direct Investment in Africa: An Investigation of the Role of Natural Resource Endowment

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Show simple item record Ndikumana, Leonce Sarr, Mare 2016-07-07T10:43:33Z 2016-07-07T10:43:33Z 2016-07
dc.identifier.isbn 978-1-928281-28-3
dc.description.abstract This paper aims to provide theoretical and empirical insights into the puzzling simultaneous rise in foreign direct investment inflows in Africa and capital flight from the continent over the past decades. It specifically explores two questions: is FDI a potential driver of capital flight? Is natural resource endowment a possible channel for the capital flight-FDI link? The econometric analysis is based on 32 African countries over the period 1970-2013 using dynamic panel data estimation methods. Three important findings emerge from the analysis. First, while there is no robust evidence that capital flight is fueled by annual FDI inflows (there is no equivalent to debt-fueled capital flight), there is a positive relationship between the stock of FDI and capital flight. Second, natural resource endowment is directly related positively to capital flight and resource endowment is associated with a stronger FDI stock-capital flight link, especially in the case of oil. Third, high-quality institutions somehow weaken the link between FDI and capital flight, although they do not completely eliminate the relationship. The results point to potential gains from improvements in institutional quality in African countries through minimizing the contribution of FDI and natural resources to capital flight. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Léonce Ndikumana: Department of Economics and Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts at Amherst. 418 N. Pleasant Street, Amherst, MA 01002. Email: Corresponding author. Mare Sarr: School of Economics, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa. Email: The authors appreciate research assistance by Emmanuel Letete as well as support from UNU/WIDER. This research has been published UNU-WIDER Working Paper 2016/58. It is reproduced here with acknowledgement of UNU-WIDER in Helsinki which commissioned the original study. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Saldru Working Paper;167
dc.subject Capital Flight en_US
dc.subject Foreign direct investment en_US
dc.subject Natural resources en_US
dc.subject Africa en_US
dc.title Capital Flight and Foreign Direct Investment in Africa: An Investigation of the Role of Natural Resource Endowment en_US
dc.type Working Paper en_US

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