The demand for cigarettes: new evidence from South Africa

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Show simple item record Mukong, Alfred Tingum, Ernest 2018-05-25T09:53:32Z 2018-05-25T09:53:32Z 2018-05
dc.identifier.citation Mukong, A.K., Tingum, E.N. (2018). The demand for cigarettes: new evidence from South Africa. Cape Town: SALDRU, UCT. (SALDRU Working Paper Number 227)
dc.identifier.isbn 978-1-928281-88-7
dc.description.abstract This paper estimates the price elasticity of demand for cigarettes in South Africa, a country that has currently experienced a transition in the cigarette market, from a near monopoly to a more competitive market structure. Based on longitudinal data drawn from the South Africa National Income and Dynamic Study (NIDS: 2008 - 2014), we compare the results of the conditional elasticity (random and fixed effect panel estimates) and total elasticity of demand (two-part model). Like previous evidence into cigarette prices, we obtain negative price elasticity of demand for cigarettes, with the total price elasticity significantly larger than the conditional elasticity. For the total elasticity, a 10% increase in price reduces cigarette consumption by 4.3% for the economy brands and 6.9% for the mid-price brands. However, we nd that over the same period, estimates from the fixed effect model are statistically insignifi cant. This is probably due to the limited within variation in both in cigarette consumption and cigarette prices. Thus, with between variation models, increased tobacco taxes can, in the presence of the changing market structure, remain a desirable policy tool for reducing cigarette consumption. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship The authors gratefully acknowledge funding support from the International Development Research Centre (IDRC), the Medical Research Councils (MRC) of South Africa (Project number: 108442- 002), from Cancer Research UK (CRUK) and the Carnegie Foundation New York. We would also like to thank Corne Van Walbeek and Hana Ross for their constructive criticisms. We are also grateful for the valuable comments and suggestions received from the anonymous reviewer of the Economic Research Southern Africa (ERSA) working paper series. All views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of, and should not be attributed to the funders. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Saldru Working Paper;227
dc.subject Cigarette demand en_US
dc.subject price elasticity en_US
dc.subject panel data en_US
dc.subject South Africa en_US
dc.title The demand for cigarettes: new evidence from South Africa en_US
dc.type Working Paper en_US

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